Plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin as a Marker for Prediction of 3-Month Graft Survival after Kidney Transplantation

A Jafari, MR Khatami, S Dashti-Khavidaki, M Lessan-Pezeshki, A Abdollahi


Background: Ischemic injury during organ transplantation increases the risk of acute and chronic rejections by promoting alloimmune responses. Measurement of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) immediately after kidney transplantation may be promising for early detection of ischemic injuries to allograft.

Objective: This study assessed possible predictive values of plasma NGAL levels during first hours after kidney transplantation for graft loss within the first 3 months after transplantation.

Methods: 45 kidney transplant recipients were classified into those without graft loss or with graft loss during 3 months after transplantation. Plasma NGAL levels were measured before and at 2, 6, 12, 24 and 96 hours after transplantation. Serum creatinine concentration was assessed daily during hospitalization and at 1, 2, and 3 months post-transplantation.

Results: Serum creatinine and plasma NGAL levels were consistently higher in patients with graft loss compared with those without graft loss. At 2, 24, and 96 hours after transplantation, plasma NGAL concentration was significantly higher in patients who developed allograft loss within 3 months post-transplantation. The cutoff point of plasma NGAL at 2, 24, and 96 hours after transplantation for prediction of graft loss was 304.5 ng/mL (sensitivity of 71.4%, and specificity of 73.7%), 207.8 ng/mL(sensitivity of 85.7%, and specificity of 60.5%), and 184 ng/mL (sensitivity of 85.7%, and specificity of 71.1%), respectively.

Conclusion: Plasma NGAL levels at 2, 24, and 96 hours after transplantation can predict 3-month graft loss with fair sensitivity and specificity.


Graft loss; Kidney transplantation; Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin

Full Text:


Copyright (c)

 pISSN: 2008-6482
 eISSN: 2008-6490


Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License