Knowledge Regarding Organ Donation and Willingness to Donate among Health Workers in South-West Nigeria

R Oluyombo, MB Fawale, RW Ojewola, OA Busari, OJ Ogunmola, TO Olanrewaju, CA Akinleye, YO Oladosu, MA Olamoyegun, BA Gbadegesin, OO Obajolowo, MO Soje, A Adelaja, LM Ayodele, OE Ayodele


Background: Organ transplantation program in developing countries is still significantly dwarfed. Health workers are undeniably important in the success of transplantation.

Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude of health workers toward organ donation in South-West Nigeria with a view to explaining reasons for these shortcomings.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted on 850 health care workers, self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain information from participants.

Results: Of 850 participants, 766 (90.1%) returned their completed questionnaires. The mean±SD age of participants was 36.7±9.2 years. Majority (93.3%) of participants had heard of organ donation; 82.5% had desirable knowledge. Only 29.5% and 39.4% would be willing to donate and counsel potential organ donors, respectively; 36.5% would consider signing organ donation cards. Only 19.4% believed that organ transplantation is often effective and 63.4% believed they were permitted by their religion to donate. Permission by religion (OR 3.5; 95% CI 2.3 to 5.3), good knowledge (OR 2.9; 95% CI 1.4 to 5.7), readiness to sign donation cards (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.7 to 3.8), discuss organ donation (OR 2.7; 95%CI 8.0 to 63.8), and knowing somebody who had donated (OR 2.9) independently influenced willingness to donate organ.

Conclusion: There is disparity in knowledge of organ donation and willingness to donate among health care workers. Efforts should be intensified to give comprehensive and appropriate education to health care workers about organ donation to bridge this gap.


Organ transplantation; Health Knowledge, attitudes, practice; Nigeria; Community health workers; Health personnel

Full Text:


Copyright (c)

 pISSN: 2008-6482
 eISSN: 2008-6490


Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License