Outcomes and Surgical Complications in Kidney Transplantation


Abstract


Background: Kidney transplantation is the most cost-effective therapy for end-stage renal disease. Postoperative complications account for 15%–17% of all cases and are associated with significant morbidity. Currently 4.8% of post-transplantation patients have returned to dialysis. Our center’s main transplant origin is cadaveric donation.

Objective: To review surgical complications of kidney transplantation over the past 5 years.

Methods: This was an observational descriptive study that included all patients from 2011 to 2015.

Results: A total of 55 cases were reviewed. Diabetic nephropathy was the etiology in 30.9% of cases. Postsurgical complications occurred in 12.7% of patients with a post-operative mortality of 4%. Graft survival at 1 year was 82.4% with a 91% 1-year patient survival.

Conclusion: Early identification and treatment of surgical complications are critical for patient and graft survival. Complications are low but significant.


Keywords


Kidney transplantation; Intraoperative complications; Graft survival; Kidney failure, chronic; Morbidity

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 pISSN: 2008-6489
 eISSN: 2008-6490