Interaction between Herpes Virus Infections and IL10 and Risk of Bone Marrow Suppression

R Yaghobi, F Alizadeh, A Khodavandi

Abstract


Background: Syndrome of transient bone marrow suppression may result from various extra-hematological diseases, such as immunological deregulations, and viral infectious diseases secondarily affecting the function of hematopoietic stem cells.

Objective: To evaluate the pathogenic role of herpes viruses and their contraction with IL10 cytokine gene polymorphism, which can impair hematopoiesis in patients with transient bone marrow suppression.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study 30 patients who admitted to Namazi Hospital, affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, with transient bone marrow suppression were recruited. Diagnosis of the transient bone marrow suppression was made by expert hematologists. A control group consisting of 100 healthy unrelated individuals was also included. One EDTA-treated blood sample was collected from each studied patients and plasma was isolated. The molecular prevalence of cytomegalovirus and HHV8 evaluated was evaluated using real-time and nested PCR protocols, respectively. The SNPs of the IL10 (rs 1800896-1082G/A) cytokine gene was evaluated by PCR-RFLP method.

Results: Cytomegalovirus and HHV8 infections were found in 2 and 3 of studied patients with transient bone marrow suppression. Significant higher frequency of IL10 G allele and GG genotype were found in HHV8-infected patients comparing to uninfected ones. Higher frequencies of A allele and AG and AA genotypes of IL10 were found in cytomegalovirus-uninfected patients comparing to infected ones, respectively. The significant higher frequencies of IL10 AA and AG genotypes were found in controls compared to bone marrow suppressed patients.

Conclusion: IL10 genetic polymorphism might have determinative role in resistance to the cytomegalovirus, especially HHV8 infections, in patients with bone marrow suppression. Focus in new interaction between HHV8 infection and IL10 genetics in bone marrow suppressed patients should be completed by the analysis of the anti-herpes virus immunity in future studies.


Keywords


Human herpes virus 8; Cytomegalovirus; Interleukin 10; Bone marrow

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 pISSN: 2008-6489
 eISSN: 2008-6490