IJOTM, Vol 7, No 3 (2016)

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Acute Rejection in Renal Transplant Patients of a Hospital in Bogota, Colombia

P García, M Huerfano, M Rodríguez, A Caicedo, F Berrío, C Gonzalez

Abstract


Background: Renal transplantation is the best treatment for end stage renal disease. Acute graft rejection is one of the main complications and may influence graft survival.

Objective: To determine the incidence and features of acute cellular rejection (ACR) episodes confirmed by biopsy.

Methods: We studied a cohort of 175 patients who underwent renal transplantation between 2004 and 2012 to determine the cumulative incidence of ACR confirmed by biopsy and to identify the associated risk factors using multivariate analysis.

Results: The one-year patient survival was 96.6%; the graft survival was 93.7%. The incidence of ACR within one year was 14.3%, of which 46% were observed within 6 months following transplantation. The most frequently observed ACR type was 1B according to the Banff classification system (42%). A relationship between ACR and receipt of a kidney from expanded criteria donors was observed, both in univariate and adjusted multiple log-binomial regression analyses, but only 6.3% of patients received extended criteria donor kidneys. No other relationships between variables were found.

Conclusion: ACR frequency in this study was similar to that of other cohorts reported previously. We need a bigger sample of renal transplants from expanded criteria donors, PRA and DSA test to support the results.


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pISSN: 2008-6482   |   eISSN: 2008-6490